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title becomes the basis for most on-line computer searches - if your title is insufficient, few people will find or read your paper. When using standard lab or field

methods and instrumentation, it is not always necessary to explain the procedures (e.g., serial dilution) or equipment used (e.g., autopipetter) since other scientists will likely be familiar with them northwestern meds phd placement already. How will this study advance our knowledge? All background information gathered from other sources must, of course, be appropriately cited. Note : Do not label this section "Bibliography". After placing your work in a broader context, you should state the specific question(s) to be answered. Structuring Your Research Thesis. Function : The function of the Results section is to objectively present your key results, without interpretation, in an orderly and logical sequence using both text and illustrative materials (Tables and Figures). For example, if you found that the mean height of male Biology majors was significantly larger than that of female Biology majors, you might report this result (in blue) and your statistical conclusion (shown in red) as follows: "Males (180.5.1 cm; n34) averaged.5. Style : Use the active voice whenever possible in this section. "Each plate was streaked with fresh overnight. Cells were cultured on a MY slant at 30oC for 48 h, transferred to MY broth and cultures at 30oC overnight. 1991).' Entries in the Literature Cited section are listed alphabetically by author(s) and chronologically for papers by the same author(s). Do not waste entire sentences restating your results; if you need to remind the reader of the result to be discussed, use "bridge sentences" that relate the result to the interpretation: "The slow response of the lead-exposed neurons relative to controls suggests that. Always enter the appropriate units when reporting data or summary statistics. Quite literally, the Introduction must answer the questions, " What was I studying? Although you may read some general background references (encyclopedias, textbooks, lab manuals, style manuals, etc.) to get yourself acquainted with the subject area, do not cite these, becasue they contain information that is considered fundamental or "common" knowledge wqithin the discipline. Waterville, ME: Colby Custom Publishing Generally, most references will be to the primary literature (i.e., journal articles) and, to a lesser extent, books. This guide is based on a paper by Gubanich,.A. Tables or figures, references to tables or figures, or references to literature cited usually are not included in this section. The take home point here is that the scientific format helps to insure that at whatever level a person reads your paper (beyond title skimming they will likely get the key results and conclusions. If the method you choose lies outside of the tradition of your field.e., your review of the literature demonstrates that the method is not commonly used, provide a justification for how your choice of methods specifically addresses the research problem in ways that have. You would then calculate the descriptive statistics for those samples (mean, SD, n, range, etc) and plot these numbers. Why a Scientific Format?

Evans, explain how measurements were made and what calculations were performed. The methodology section should cite any sources that informed your choice and application of a particular method. Give the actual latitude and longitude position of the site. Titles to find out what information is available on a subject. If your Abstract was the only part of the paper you could access. Describe the materials used in the study. How to find the primary literature research journals and review articles rather than depending on reference books. Learn, and state which statistical tests were done math 5080 solution to homework of dr ron redeer to analyze. It uconn honors thesis digital commons tells how your study has moved us forward from the place you left us at the end of the Introduction.

Most of that fell in the range of 80 90 particles mm2 Fig. Eugene, and the precise location latitude and longitude. Is known to travel through the atmosphere to activate plant defensive genes. You may use the active voice to a certain extent.

what goes in a research paper

Available: updated August 8, 1996 accessed 8/10/98 Colby Biology Department.Example of a subheading: Effects of Light Intensity on the Rate of Electron Transport Top of page Title, Authors' Names, and Institutional Affiliations.


Materials and, methods - writing2.richmond

If other data sources exist, explain why the data you chose is most appropriate to addressing the research problem.Use and over-use of the word "significant" : Your results will read much more cleanly if you avoid overuse of the word siginifcant in any of its forms.The experimental design and methods used, ( from Methods ) clearly express the basic design of the study.”